Mark Evgenevich Epshtein was born on March 28, 1924 in St. Petersburg. During the blockade, he graduated from high school in 1942 and worked as a mechanic-apprentice in the city’s sanitation department, earning a worker’s daily ration card of 250 g of bread. Drafted in August the same year, he served in sniper units, and was seriously wounded during the January 1943 attempt to break through the blockade. Awarded with the Order of Glory, Order of the Great Patriotic War and Medal of Courage. Wounded five times in total, Epshtein was demobilized in 1945, returned to Leningrad and graduated from the Institute of Cinema Engineering. Interviewed was recorded in St. Petersburg on September 21, 2008.

An invitation to join the NKVD.

Inside the Vyazma encirclement.