Moisey Shevelevich Melamed was born in 1910 in Rechytsa, Belarus. After graduating from the Ivanovo Energy Institute, he worked at a power plant. In 1937 Melamed was arrested by the NKVD but released a year later. In 1941 he volunteered for the army and served in engineering forces, working on remote detonation of mined sites. He took part in the demining of the Reich Chancellery in Berlin. After the war, he lived and worked in Ivanovo. He had three sons with wife, Reveka Pivovarova: Isaac (born 1931) became a serviceman; Boris (born 1937) became an energy engineer; and Savely (born 1946) became an automation engineer. The interview with Moisey’s son Boris Melamed was recorded in Los Angeles in 2009.


Moisey Melamed’s arrest during the Great Purge in the late 1930s.

A successful operation using top-secret technology.