World War II is the most tragic period in the history of the Jewish people. Approximately six million Jewish individuals – children, elderly, women, men – were savagely murdered by Nazi Germany, its allies and collaborators. The Jewish people, defined by Hitler as the lowest of all peoples as well as the dangerous masterminds of communism, were condemned to total extermination. The plan for the “Final Solution” was reached in parallel with the decision to attack the Soviet Union, assuming that the extermination of the Jews would lead to the annihilation of the communist state, and would yield vast territory for the German people. Following the Nazi invasion, over 2.5 million Soviet Jews were trapped in German-occupied territory; fewer than one percent survived. Some escaped miraculously and became partisans, while others survived with the help of locals who risked the lives of their own families. In the ghettos and camps there were acts of resistance. But as the horror mounted against an unsuspecting, misinformed and defenseless people, resistance efforts proved mostly futile. Red Army soldiers with Jewish backgrounds, even if largely unreligious, unequivocally felt the personal attack on their people and were among the most determined combatants throughout the war.