MODERN JEWISH HISTORY

BORIS EFIMOV ILLUSTRATIONS COLLECTION


124 ITEMS  |  100% DIGITIZED  |  0% CATALOGED

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DESCRIPTION

The holdings include 34 black-and-white and 90 vividly colored original drawings, ranging from 8 x 11 to 14 x 18 inches. Subjects include World War II (9 illustrations) and the Cold War.

DATES

1940s–1980s

PROVENANCE

The collection was acquired in 2007 from an anonymous ephemera dealer.

BIOGRAPHY

Boris Efimovich Efimov (born Fridland; 1900–2008) was a Soviet political caricaturist who, during his 80-year career, promoted Soviet policies and targeted domestic and international enemies of the regime. His cartoons were printed in the leading newspapers and magazines, including “Pravda,” “Izvestiya,” “Krasnaya Zvezda,” and “Krokodil.” During World War II, Efimov’s drawings appeared nearly daily and were popular in the trenches and throughout Russia, illustrating Fascist savagery, ridiculing Hitler and the Nazi leadership, and assuring his audience of Soviet might and ultimate victory. Efimov’s 1947 “Pravda” cartoon of General Dwight D. Eisenhower in Alaska, which ridiculed America’s paranoia about the USSR, is described by some as the opening shot of the Cold War.