Aleksei Brusilov was immortalized for his greatest achievement, the Brusilov offensive. Under the terms of the Chantilly Agreement of December 1915, Russia, France, Britain and Italy agreed to carry out simultaneous attacks against the Central Powers so that their enemies would be unable to transport reserves from one front to another. General Aleksei Brusilov proposed that the Russian Army should lead a massive offensive on the Southwestern Front against the Austro-Hungarian forces in Galicia. His plan was designed to take some of the pressure off French and British armies in France, the Italian Army and if possible, knock Austria-Hungary out of the war. Since the Austrian army was heavily engaged in Italy, the Russian army enjoyed a significant numerical advantage on the Galician front and within 72 hours, the army advanced 50 miles, took 200,000 prisoners, and seized 700 heavy guns.
What made Brusilov’s plan unique was that he decided to distribute his attack over the entirety of Southwest Front, hoping to disorganize the enemy over a large area and attack them from all sides. Unlike his predecessors he decided not to waste precious resources through saturation bombardment on worthless areas, but instead used other methods such as advancing his reserve units beforehand to join with the storm troops after breaching the enemies front trench. By using innovate tactics and methods, Brusilov broke the back of the Austro-Hungarian Army and the Central Powers' pressure on the Italian Army was relieved. Meanwhile, the French were able to continue engaging in the offensive at Verdun and regained both their territory and confidence. The Brusilov Offensive led to the implementation of numerous tactics that later became a staple of the Red Army. General Alexei Brusilov was responsible for one of the most strategically significant offensives of the entire war. Brusilov would later be awarded the Sword of Saint George with Diamonds for his greatest victory, and is one of only eight Russian commanders to receive this rare award during the First World War.
Post by Arvin Ramdas